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Stevenage Muslim Community Centre has a purpose built Masjid. Before commencement of construction in 2001, the Steering Committee appointed two persons, who neither knew each other, nor had any communication between them, to determine exact direction of Kaʿbah ٱلْكَعْبَة ٱلْمُشَرَّفَة, independent of each other. One was asked to use Trigonometric method, while other used Magnetic method to find the true direction.
On the day of laying the first brick, both arrived on-site and produced their independent calculations. Both the calculations were found to be in agreement with each other and the Masjid was built perfectly facing Qiblah قِبْلَة.
Straight Line Distance: 2995 Miles (4820 Km)
Heading out from SMCC: 119° 31′
Landing exactly at 90° on Al-Hatīm side, North-West wall of Kaʿbah ٱلْكَعْبَة ٱلْمُشَرَّفَة
Great Britain Grid Reference – TL 251 257
Geo Coordinates: 51.915949, -0.181703
Latitude: 51° 54′ 58.4″ N
Longitude: 0° 10′ 56.1″ W
Grid North is: 1° 26’E of True North
Magnetic North is: 1° 24’W of True North and: 2° 50’W of Grid North
Magnetic North is estimated to be 1 deg 50 min West of grid North (British National Grid) at this location in April 2019 (source British Geological Survey)
Magnetic declination: 1° 50′ WEST
Declination is NEGATIVE (West)
Inclination: 66° 48′
Magnetic field strength: 48757.0 nT
0.17° W ± 0.37° changing by 0.19° E per year
(above values are up-to-date according to The US/UK World Magnetic Model WMM2015V2)
Declination: The angle of difference between true North and magnetic North. For instance, if the declination at a certain point were 10° W, then a compass at that location pointing north (magnetic) would actually align 10° W of true North. True North would be 10° E relative to the magnetic North direction given by the compass. Declination varies with location and slowly changes in time.
Uncertainty: The one standard deviation difference between a hypothetical measurement and the calculated result. For more information see this page on the WMM limitations.
*Accuracy for the declination is generally within 30 minutes (0.5 degrees) of arc.
*Solar disturbances can cause significant differences between the estimated and actual field values.
The World Magnetic Model (WMM) is produced for the U.S. and U.K. defense agencies with guaranteed quality, user support, and updates. The WMM is a predictive-only model and is valid for the current epoch, 2014-2019. WMM model details: https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/geomag/WMM.